Vitamin Types And Functions – Learn About Healthy Consumption And Being

vitamin types and functions

Vitamin is an organic component molecule found in natural food that is an essential micronutrient that requires a small amount to have proper metabolism functions by consuming it. Our bodies cannot produce such vital vitamins needed from the human body, so we consume various vitamins through organic foods and supplements. Different Vitamin types are beneficially required so that our body works appropriately. It is a major biological component that is sufficiently required for body needs. In this article, we will provide you the vitamin types and functions and their uses through sources.

Types Of Vitamin

A close up of a cake with fruit on top of a table

A small amount of consuming vitamins can function the body system and maintain overall health. There are 13 prime vitamins and functions that are mainly being categorized into two groups one is fat-soluble vitamins, and another is water-soluble vitamins. The only difference between water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins is the process of absorption in the body. 

There are nine water-soluble vitamins, such as Vitamin C, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (niacin), Pantothenic acid (B5), Biotin (B7), Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), folate (folic acid and B9), and four fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble enter directly into the bloodstream. Leftover comes out through the small intestine. It does not store in the body like fat-soluble vitamins, which can store in the body’s fatty tissues and liver.

Vitamins Functions

We already got to know the various vitamins from the above discussion now. Let us know about the fat-and water-soluble 13 vitamin types and functions:

Vitamin A is a crucial component needed to intake for healthy skin, immune system, and vision. 

Vitamin D is important for the growth of bone. 

Vitamin E produces antioxidant that allows the body to fight against diseases like neuropathy. 

Vitamin K is essential that helps wound heal properly to avoid bleeding.

Vitamin B classifies into eight components that are B-1 (thiamine), B-2 (riboflavin), B-3 (niacin), B-5 (pantothenic acid), B-6 (pyridoxine), B-7 (biotin), B-9 (folic acid), and B-12 (cobalamin), each of these vitamin B plays vital role in directly functioning body like cell metabolism, gives energy, helps in building new red blood cells and gives the proper functioning ability to the nerve, appetite, brain, etc.

Vitamin C contains antioxidant that is required to prevent scurvy and repairs all body tissues. 

These vitamin types and functions convert into energy for overall protecting the immune system.

Sources And Benefits 

Water-soluble vitamin B food sources that convert protein food into energy are black beans, lentils, whole grains, eggs, green veggies, meat, non-citrus fruits, etc. The topmost vitamin B food sources are orange grapefruit, lemons, bell peppers, broccoli, and strawberries. 

Fat-soluble vitamin sources mainly come from animal and plant food sources like dairy products, liver, fatty fish, nuts, seeds, and oil.

Vitamin types and functions have many roles in benefits that our body needs—it produces hormones and enzymes to boost up our immunity by consuming the right amount of vitamins. Vitamins have the ability to fight against disease by daily intake in the diet as required.


To conclude the article, there are many useful benefits presented in all vitamins that are indispensable for living organisms. It is necessary to consume high-vitamin food and to add it to our daily meal. You just need to be aware of consuming the right proportion of vitamins.

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