Vitamins are those molecules that the human body needs to grow and develop healthily. Organisms need this in small quantities. They are organic substances that are found in small quantities in natural foods. There are many types of vitamins present on earth, such as vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K. Also, these vitamins have types of their own as of vitamin B, which includes thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6, folate, biotin, and vitamin B-12. In this article, you would get to know the types of vitamin B in detail.
Importance of Vitamin B
Vitamin B is composed of a total of 8 vitamins. Each has a specific role in body functions. Vitamin B has a direct impact on the energy levels, brain and cell metabolism of the body. It promotes cell growth, red blood cells growth, brain metabolism, better digestion, and overall well-being of the body. Although it is important for every person, it is more essential to women who are pregnant. This is because it eases nausea and lowers the risk of preeclampsia i.e., disorders that are a leading cause of maternal or infant death. It increases testosterone levels in men and increases muscle strength which usually starts decreasing with age.
Types Of Vitamin B
As told earlier, vitamin B comprises eight vitamins. Thiamine (vitamin B) keeps the nervous system healthy while releasing more energy from food. Peas, whole grain pieces of bread, and nuts are good sources of thiamin. Riboflavin (vitamin B12) does the same role as thiamine and keeps the eyes and skin healthy. Milk, eggs, and much are rich in riboflavin. The important thing which needs to be remembered is that riboflavin cannot be stored in the body as other vitamins, so it is necessary to consume foods rich in vitamin B12 daily. Niacin (vitamin B3), rich in foods like meat and fish, keeps the nervous system and skin healthy.
Pantothenic acid is found in almost every vegetable and food that is needed to boost energy levels. It is mainly rich in mushrooms, avocado, and wholegrain foods. Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) helps form hemoglobin in the body and assists in storing energy from proteins and carbohydrates. Pork, fish, wheat, chicken, oats, etc., are rich in this vitamin. Biotin (vitamin b7), which is needed to make fatty acids in the body, is needed in small quantities as it is naturally produced in the body’s bowel. Folate (vitamin B9), also known as folic acid, reduces the risk of brain defects. Spinach, broccoli, cabbage, peas, fenugreek are rich in folate. Vitamin B12 assists in using folate for the body, and lack of this vitamin may lead to anemia. Dairy foods and fish are rich sources of vitamin B12. It is the essential vitamin needed for the body. It is necessary for neurological function and DNA production.
The deficiency of vitamin B can cause anemia, megaloblastic, depression, and many more diseases. Constipation, diarrhea, and behavioral changes are symptoms of the deficiency. It may also cause vision and memory loss.
Have a properly balanced diet of foods that contains appropriate quantities of all minerals and vitamins. These are essential for the growth of both body and mind.