Guide to Diabetes


A bowl of fruit sitting on top of a wooden table

Diabetes is a health condition where the body can’t produce enough insulin and/or can’t react to insulin. Insulin is needed to help blood sugar get into your cells, and in people with diabetes, either their pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or their body can’t use the insulin it makes correctly.

The best way to prevent type 1 diabetes (also called juvenile diabetes) is by avoiding the viruses that cause it, such as Coxsackie A21, which can be found in some grasses and wild mushrooms. Types of viruses include foot-and-mouth disease, bluetongue virus, avian flu virus, and rotavirus diarrhea.

Symptoms:

Calendar

The symptoms of diabetes vary, but some common ones are:

-feeling very thirsty

-having to urinate often

-losing weight without trying or being aware of it

Although diabetes cannot be cured, there are different ways to manage the symptoms. A person can use insulin therapy, which is a way to give the body more of a certain hormone that helps process sugar. Also, they can eat a healthy diet and get daily exercise in order to keep their blood sugar regulated.

People who have type 1 diabetes need to be aware of their blood sugar levels throughout the day. They check it with a small device called a glucometer, which is usually at least four times per day.

Type 2 diabetes has been found as early as the 3rd millennium B.C., and more recently over 4,000 years ago in Egypt. This form of diabetes is strongly correlated with obesity and people who are older, as opposed to type 1 diabetes which is more common in children and young adults than those over 40.

Treatment:

A person in a blue shirt

Many treatments for type 2 diabetes include diet changes and exercise because they can improve a person’s blood sugar control, their cholesterol levels, and help regulate their blood pressure. However, some people with diabetes will need to take oral medications or insulin.

If left untreated, this can lead to blindness, heart disease, neuropathy in the feet and legs, damage to kidneys and retinas, and an increased risk of having a limb amputated.

Prevention:

The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes is by avoiding or losing weight, eating healthy foods like whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and lean protein sources. Exercise can also help manage the condition by lowering blood sugar levels and improving cholesterol and blood pressure levels. Those who have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes can manage the symptoms, and keep it from getting worse, by making healthy lifestyle choices.

Use a glucometer at least four times per day in order to monitor their blood sugar levels.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, both types of diabetes are very dangerous and need to be treated. Type 1 is more common in younger people and type 2 is more common in older people. Prevention for both types of the disease involves avoiding viruses such as Coxsackie A21 and other diseases and by exercising and eating healthy foods. Those who have diabetes need to be aware of their glucose levels throughout the day and must take medication or insulin if needed.

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